Applying spectral-like theories to the bipartite network of products and capabilities to find latent potential in countries and firms.
Reconstructing the 3d shape distribution of grains or other objects randomly packed together with access only to 2d slices through them.
Understanding collective creativity: anonymous collaboration under constrained freedom that transcends the creativity of the individual.
Simulating the molecular structure of materials under pressures so extreme that we are not yet able to study them in the laboratory.
Designing optimal self-similar structures for compact counter-current heat exchange to reduce heating costs and greenhouse emissions.
Using fractal, or self-similar, patterns to design the lightest possible load-bearing structures with new strength-to-mass scaling laws.
Developing radical new approaches to inference and automated decision making using advances in quantum information and statistical physics.
Developing a theory of high-dimensional statistical inference using analytic tools from the statistical physics of disordered systems.
Creating discrete models of space and spacetime that appear continuous over long lengths and set the stage for non-continuum physics.
Advancing the mathematical theory of bootstrap percolation, where active cells on a lattice with few active neighbours cease to be active.
Examining the effect of public opinion on stock market returns and harnessing social sentiment to make quantitative market predictions.
Creating a mathematical model of combinatorial innovation to understand how innovation rates can be influenced as components are acquired.
Creating powerful mathematical methods for predicting the outcomes of diseases that pinpoint the right treatments and speed up drug trials.
Investigating the adverse effects of information asymmetry and deliberate errors in social media and the press, and attempts to remedy them.
Predicting the geometry and behaviour of densely packed objects from first principles, from spheres to polydisperse spheres to cells.
Exploring the spectral properties of subgraphs of the hypercube and Hamming graphs for insights into coding theory and models of evolution.
Understanding the dynamics of networks of memristors, a new paradigm for low-power computation inspired by the structure of the brain.
Developing a new approach to resilience in which mistakes and unexpected events are mitigated by easy repairs rather than redundancy.
Applying mathematical tools to the holy grail of cellular biology: can we produce every type of human cell from within the laboratory?
Understanding complex dynamical behaviours generated by simple rules, such as cellular automata, polyominoes and models of competition.
Predicting the behaviour of graphs and processes on them by treating topological patterns as constraints on a random graph ensemble.
Forecasting the rate of technological progress by harnessing empirical regularities captured by Moore’s law and Wright’s law.
Creating mathematical tools for characterizing the structure of ideal graphs and irregular networks, and the behaviour of processes on them.
Understanding the physical nature of information and how it relates to energy transfer and new technologies that make use of these insights.
Applying ideas from diversification and cascading failures to mitigate the propagation of risk across inter-connected institutions.
At the edge of crystals
Capturing in simulations and mathematical form the surface structure of crystals and how they coalesce when heated but not melted.
Taming limitations of general relativity, such as the big bang singularity, by formulating theories that admit bouncing or cyclic universes.
Sense from social networks
Developing new local and global measures for networks derived from social interactions to infer social structure, sentiment and behaviour.
Reconstructing credit networks
Using ideas from statistical physics to reconstruct the average properties of financial networks from partial sets of information.