Scale of non-locality for a system of n particles

The number of particles in a higher derivative theory of gravity relates to its effective mass scale, which signals the theory’s viability.

Submitted to Physical Review D (2019)

S. Talaganis, I. Teimouri

Scale of non-locality for a system of n particles

Higher derivative theories of gravity are associated with a mass scale to insure the correct dimensionality of the covariant derivatives. This mass scale is known as the scale of non-locality. In this paper, by considering a higher derivative toy model, we show that for a system of n particles the effective mass scale is inversely proportional to the square root of the number of particles. We demonstrate that as the number of particles increases the corresponding effective mass scale associated with the scattering amplitude decreases.