# Random graph ensembles with many short loops

E. Roberts, T. Coolen

*ESAIM: Proceedings and surveys* 47, 97 (2014)

#networktheory#randomgraphs#machinelearning

Short loops (cycles) in real networks are a theoretical challenge for modeling.

Networks observed in the real world often have many short loops. This violates the tree-like assumption that underpins the majority of random graph models and most of the methods used for their analysis. In this paper we sketch possible research routes to be explored in order to make progress on networks with many short loops, involving old and new random graph models and ideas for novel mathematical methods. We do not present conclusive solutions of problems, but aim to encourage and stimulate new activity and in what we believe to be an important but under-exposed area of research. We discuss in more detail the Strauss model, which can be seen as the ‘harmonic oscillator’ of ‘loopy’ random graphs, and a recent exactly solvable immunological model that involves random graphs with extensively many cliques and short loops.

#### A phase transition creates the geometry of the continuum from discrete space

R. Farr, T. Fink

Sub. to *Physical Review E*

#### The statistical physics of real-world networks

G. Cimini, T. Squartini, F. Saracco, D. Garlaschelli, A. Gabrielli, G. Caldarelli

*Nature Reviews Physics*

#### On defining the Hamiltonian beyond quantum theory

D. Branford, O. Dahlsten, A. Garner

*Foundations of Physics*

#### Reconstructing grain-shape statistics from electron back-scatter diffraction microscopy

R. Farr, Z. Vukmanovic, M. Holness, E. Griffiths

*Physical Review Materials*

#### Tackling information asymmetry in networks: a new entropy-based ranking index

P. Barucca, G. Caldarelli, T. Squartini

*Journal of Statistical Physics*

#### Eigenvalues of subgraphs of the cube

B. Bollobás, J. Lee, S. Letzter

*European Journal of Combinatorics*

#### Maximum one-shot dissipated work from Rényi divergences

N. Halpern, A. Garner, O. Dahlsten, V. Vedral

*Physical Review E *

123 / 123 papers