# The complex dynamics of memristive circuits: analytical results and universal slow relaxation

F. Caravelli, F. Traversa, M. Ventra

*Physical Review E* 95, 22140 (2017)

#graphtheory#memristors#machinelearning

Our derived equation may serve as the basis for the analysis of the relaxation properties of circuits with memory.

Networks with memristive elements (resistors with memory) are being explored for a variety of applications ranging from unconventional computing to models of the brain. However, analytical results that highlight the role of the graph connectivity on the memory dynamics are still a few, thus limiting our understanding of these important dynamical systems. In this paper, we derive an exact matrix equation of motion that takes into account all the network constraints of a purely memristive circuit, and we employ it to derive analytical results regarding its relaxation properties. We are able to describe the memory evolution in terms of orthogonal projection operators onto the subspace of fundamental loop space of the underlying circuit. This orthogonal projection explicitly reveals the coupling between the spatial and temporal sectors of the memristive circuits and compactly describes the circuit topology. For the case of disordered graphs, we are able to explain the emergence of a power law relaxation as a superposition of exponential relaxation times with a broad range of scales using random matrices. This power law is also universal, namely independent of the topology of the underlying graph but dependent only on the density of loops. In the case of circuits subject to alternating voltage instead, we are able to obtain an approximate solution of the dynamics, which is tested against a specific network topology. These result suggest a much richer dynamics of memristive networks than previously considered.

#### Phase transition creates the geometry of the continuum from discrete space

R. Farr, T. Fink

*Physical Review E*

#### The statistical physics of real-world networks

G. Cimini, T. Squartini, F. Saracco, D. Garlaschelli, A. Gabrielli, G. Caldarelli

*Nature Reviews Physics*

#### On defining the Hamiltonian beyond quantum theory

D. Branford, O. Dahlsten, A. Garner

*Foundations of Physics*

#### Reconstructing grain-shape statistics from electron back-scatter diffraction microscopy

R. Farr, Z. Vukmanovic, M. Holness, E. Griffiths

*Physical Review Materials*

#### Tackling information asymmetry in networks: a new entropy-based ranking index

P. Barucca, G. Caldarelli, T. Squartini

*Journal of Statistical Physics*

#### Eigenvalues of subgraphs of the cube

B. Bollobás, J. Lee, S. Letzter

*European Journal of Combinatorics*

#### Maximum one-shot dissipated work from Rényi divergences

N. Halpern, A. Garner, O. Dahlsten, V. Vedral

*Physical Review E *

123 / 123 papers