Quantum generalisation of feedforward neural networks

K. Wan, O. Dahlsten, H. Kristjansson, R. Gardner, M. Kim

Nature Quantum Information 3, 36 (2017)

#quantumtheory#neuralnetworks#machinelearning

Download the PDF

LQ placeholderWe generalise neural networks into a quantum framework, demonstrating the possibility of quantum auto-encoders and teleportation.

We generalise neural networks into a quantum framework, demonstrating the possibility of quantum auto-encoders and teleportation.

We propose a quantum generalisation of a classical neural network. The classical neurons are firstly rendered reversible by adding ancillary bits. Then they are generalised to being quantum reversible, i.e. unitary. (The classical networks we generalise are called feedforward, and have step-function activation functions.) The quantum network can be trained efficiently using gradient descent on a cost function to perform quantum generalisations of classical tasks. We demonstrate numerically that it can: (i) compress quantum states onto a minimal number of qubits, creating a quantum autoencoder, and (ii) discover quantum communication protocols such as teleportation. Our general recipe is theoretical and implementation-independent. The quantum neuron module can naturally be implemented photonically.

LQ placeholder

Degree-correlations in a bursting dynamic network model

F. Vanni, P. Barucca

Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination

LQ placeholder

Scale of non-locality for a system of n particles

S. Talaganis, I. Teimouri

Sub. to Physical Review D

LQ placeholder

Changes to Gate Closure and its impact on wholesale electricity prices: The case of the UK

A. Facchini, A. Rubino, G. Caldarelli, G. Liddo

Energy Policy

LQ placeholder

How much can we influence the rate of innovation?

T. Fink, M. Reeves

Science Advances

LQ placeholder

The statistical physics of real-world networks

G. Cimini, T. Squartini, F. Saracco, D. Garlaschelli, A. Gabrielli, G. Caldarelli

Nature Reviews Physics

LQ placeholder

PopRank: Ranking pages’ impact and users’ engagement on Facebook

A. Zaccaria, M. Vicario, W. Quattrociocchi, A. Scala, L. Pietronero

PLoS ONE

128 / 128 papers