Our papers are the official record of our discoveries. They allow others to build on and apply our work. Each paper is the result of many months of research, so we make a special effort to make them clear, beautiful and inspirational, and publish them in leading journals.

  • Grand canonical validation of the bipartite international trade network

    MSGCG. CaldarelliFS Physical Review E

    Bipartite trade network

    A new algorithm unveils complicated structures in the bipartite mapping between countries and products of the international trade network.

  • The heterogeneous dynamics of economic complexity

    MCATLPL. Pietronero PLOS ONE

    Dynamics of economic complexity

    Dynamical systems theory predicts the growth potential of countries with heterogeneous patterns of evolution where regression methods fail.

  • How the taxonomy of products drives the economic development of countries

    AZMCATLPL. Pietronero PLOS ONE

    Taxonomy and economic growth

    Less developed countries have to learn simple capabilities in order to start a stable industrialization and development process.

  • Economic complexity: conceptual grounding of a new metrics for global competitiveness

    ATMCGCG. CaldarelliAGLPL. Pietronero Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control

    Metrics for global competitiveness

    A new non-monetary metric captures diversification, a dominant effect on the globalised market, and the effective complexity of products.


    Measuring the intangibles

    Coupled non-linear maps extract information about the competitiveness of countries to the complexity of their products from trade data.


    Network analysis of export flows

    Network theory finds unexpected interactions between the number of products a country produces and the number of countries producing each product.

  • Scientific Reports

    Metric for fitness and complexity

    A quantitative assessment of the non-monetary advantage of diversification represents a country’s hidden potential for development and growth.